1. Hurricane Matthew hit Florida
- Hurricane Matthew is currently a strong tropical cyclone that impacted Haiti, Jamaica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, and The Bahamas, and is moving along the east coast of the southeastern United States, especially Florida, as well as Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina.
- It was the first Category 5 Atlantic hurricane since Hurricane Felix in 2007. The fourteenth tropical cyclone, thirteenth storm, fifth hurricane and second major hurricane of the annual hurricane season, Matthew formed from a vigorous tropical wave that moved off the African coast on September 22, progressing on a westward track until it developed into a tropical storm while it was situated just to the east of the Leeward Islands on September 28.
- A day later, it became a hurricane while west of the Leeward Islands, and rapidly strengthened into a Category 5 hurricane.
2. Centre orders Supreme Court to move towards removal of triple talaq:
- The centre is opposed to the Muslim practice of triple talaq, it has informed the Supreme Court, describing it as “misplaced in a secular country.”
- The Supreme Court has been examining how much it can interfere in Muslim laws governing family-related issues as it hears a plea to end the practice which permits Muslim men to divorce their wives by saying talaq three times.
- The top court had asked the government to weigh in on the debate as to whether intervening in the law would violate the Muslim community’s fundamental rights. The centre today said “gender equality and the dignity of women are not negotiable” and told judges that “even theocratic states have undergone reforms in this area of law” which reinforces that these practices cannot be considered an integral part of practice of Islam.
- Women’s rights activists have long called for reform of the Muslim personal law which they say discriminates against women. What they want instead is a well-defined law that criminalises polygamy, unilateral divorce and child marriage.
3. Latest on the BCCI v. Lodha Committee matter
- The Supreme Court has ordered the BCCI to not provide State funds until they sign an undertaking submitting that they will abide by the recommendations of the Lodha Committee Report.
4. Nobel Prizes announced:
- Physics: David J. Thouless, F. Duncan M. Haldane and J. Michael Kosterlitz.
- Chemistry: Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Sir J. Fraser Stoddart and Bernard L. Feringa.
- Physiology and Medicine: Yoshinori Ohsumi.
- Literature: not been awarded yet.
- Nobel Peace Prize: Juan Manuel Santos.
- Economics: not announced yet will be on 10th October 2016.
- Read in brief about their contributions
5. UN Secretary General:
- Antonio Guterres, the 67-year-old former secretary of Socialist International, will succeed Ban Ki-moon on January 1.
6. Union approves amendments to the HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Controll) Bill, 2014:
- Provide anti-retroviral therapy and infection management for persons with HIV or AIDS
- Facilitate their access to welfare schemes especially for women and children
- Formulate HIV or AIDS education communication programmes that are age appropriate, gender sensitive, and non-stigmatizing
- Lay guidelines for the care and treatment of children with HIV or AIDS
- Every person in the care and custody of the state shall have right to HIV prevention, testing, treatment and counseling services
- Cases relating to HIV positive persons shall be disposed of by the court on a priority basis and duly ensuring the confidentiality.
7. Google launches its new phone Pixels
8. The crown prince of Abu Dhabi, Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan will be the chief guest for the Republic Day in 2017.
9. An Indian NGO, Swayam Shikshan Prayog, has bagged the UN climate award this year.
- Prema Gopalan, co-founder of Swayam Shikshan Prayog, who has worked for ten years in the clean energy sector, told The Hindu that many of the women in her NGO hail from the Marathwada drought-hit areas and have attained a new identity as a result of their entrepreneurial work.
10. Goa BRICS Summit 2016.
- Russian president Vladamir Putin attends: Putin arrived in Goa after a nine-hour delay for the 17th annual India-Russia summit, in which Modi will likely raise concerns over Russia-Pakistan’s military ties among other matters.
- Putin arrived in Goa after a nine-hour delay for the 17th annual India-Russia summit, in which Modi will likely raise concerns over Russia-Pakistan’s military ties among other matters
- Both PM Modi and President Putin also inaugurated units 3 and 4 of the Kudankulam nuclear plant.
- Chinese President Xi Jinping arrives in Goa
11. IIM in Jammu and Kashmir approved.
12. Triple Talaq issue
- Accusing the government of waging “a war” against the Muslim community and contending that the UCC, if implemented, will threaten the country’s pluralism, MLPB and other Muslim organizations said they will start a campaign to call a halt to the Law Commission’s exercise.
- “The triple talaq case is not connected to the UCC. Religious practice can apply to rituals of death, birth and marriage. But there should not be discrimination between male and female with regard to inheritance and divorce. The right to human dignity must be protected. Personal laws must be compliant with the Constitution,” Jaitley had said.
13. Winter session of the Parliament to be held from 16 November to 16 December
- The month-long Winter Session of Parliament is set to begin from 16 November during which the issue of surgical strikes in PoK is likely to dominate the proceedings.
- The Cabinet Committee on Parliamentary Affair (CCPA) met in New Delhi Thursday evening and recommended that the session would commence from 16 November and end on 16 December. The Winter Session dates have been advanced as in the past it was normally convened in the third or fourth week of November.
- An early session may help the Central GST (CGST) and Integrated GST (IGST) legislations, which will pave way for the Goods and Services Tax (GST), to be approved within November or latest by early December.
- GST, nearly 15 new bills are likely to be introduced. The government would also push for the passage of the ordinance which seeks to amend the Enemy Property Act
14. Nobel Prize for economics : Bengt Holmström and Oliver Hart.
- for their contributions to contract theory, which has covered a range of issues from public-private partnerships to executive pay.
15. Bob Dylan wins Nobel for Literature.
- On Thursday when he was named the surprise winner of the Nobel prize in literature “for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition”.
16. Nico Rosberg wins the Japanese Grand Prix 2016
- Suzuka circuit
- This is his 23rd Grand Prix win.
17. The Second Presidential Debate
- The two Presidential nominees sparred over a number of key issues, including immigration, energy, tax policies, and the fight against the Islamic State. This time, the gloves were off.
18. Portfolios of Jayalalitha have been transferred to the Finance Minister O Panneerselvan because of her ill health but she is to continue as the Chief Minister.
19. Prime minister’s on Dusshera in Lucknow.
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi declared terrorism the opposite of humanity, and called for global cooperation in the fight against terror. In his first public address since the Army surgical strikes+ against terrorist camps in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, the PM steered well clear of the intense political battles over the military action. Instead, he devoted a significant portion of his speech to women’s rights and equality.
- “We set Ravana on fire every year. What is the root of this tradition? When we do this, we should be aware that in our own lives and in society too, we will get rid of the faults. We should introspect during Vijayadashami at the faults that we have done away with over the year,” Modi said+ .
- “If all of us keep our eyes open and pay close attention to the activities of terrorism, they will not succeed in their designs,” Modi said. “We see visuals of what terrorism is doing to Syria. It brings tears to one’s eyes. It gives us the conviction that there is no guarantee for the safety of humanity without defeating terrorism,” he added.
20. Rwanda agreement:
- One hundred and seven countries came to an agreement in Kigali, Rwanda, on Saturday, to substantially phase out a potent greenhouse gas by 2045 and move to prevent a potential 0.5 C rise in global temperature by 2050.
- Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) are a family of gases that are largely used in refrigerants in home and car airconditioners. They, however, substantially worsen global warming. On late Friday, India, China, the United States and Europe agreed on a timeline to reduce the use of HFC by 85% by 2045.
21. Thai Monarch dies:
- King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand, who took the throne of the kingdom once known as Siam shortly after World War II and held it for more than 70 years, establishing himself as a revered personification of Thai nationhood, died on Thursday in Bangkok. He was 88 and one of the longest-reigning monarchs in history.
- King Bhumibol was a unifying figure in a deeply polarized country, and his death cast a pall of uncertainty across Thailand, raising questions about the future of the monarchy itself.