1. NCRB: National Crimes Record Bureau
- The issue of the state and affairs of under trials has come into the limelight recently. With increasing concerns of their rights especially under A14, the government and courts have asked the respective authorities to look into their conditions and take necessary steps.
2. Pollution during Diwali 2016.
- SAFAR : System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting And Research, Ministry of Earth Science.
- Air Quality Index (AQI)
- The most polluted city this time as well was Delhi and the DPCC is instructed to take appropriate steps for the same.
3. 8 SIMI activists, who escaped from Bhopal jail, killed in encounter:
- Student of Islamic Movement in India
- The activists killed a head constable and fled by scaling the high wall using a rope made from bed sheets. They tied one constable and slit the throat of head constable Ramashankar before escaping from B block of the jail, located on the outskirts of Bhopal. The activists were identified as — Amzad, Zakir Hussain Sadiq, Mohammad Salik, Mujeeb Shaikh, Mehbood Guddu, Mohammad Kalid Ahmed, Aqeel and Majid, a police official said.
4. The Tata issue involving the ousting of Cyrus Mistry :
- Mistry was ousted because of a growing “trust deficit” with the biggest shareholders of Tata Sons, the company said last month.
- R. Mehta, a trustee of the Sir Dorabji Tata Trust — one of the largest shareholders in Tata Sons — said there were several discussions that Mistry did not share with the charitable organizations in a timely fashion.
- Mistry remains chairman of numerous group companies, setting up the 148-year-old conglomerate for a drawn-out public battle with Ratan Tata, his predecessor who now has interim charge at Tata Sons.
- Tata Sons was not kept informed on some major decisions by operating companies, such as Tata Power Company Ltd.’s acquisition of a 1.1 gigawatts solar and wind portfolio from Welspun Renewable Energy Pvt Ltd., the people said. They were informed of the deal only after the shareholders agreement was signed with Welspun, they said. The transaction was India’s biggest clean energy deal with an enterprise value of 92.49 billion rupees.
- Mistry in a statement last week refuted claims that .
- http://indianexpress.com/article/business/companies/cyrus-mistry-tata-sons-ratan-tata-tata-group-shapoorji-pallonji-everything-that-has-happened-so-far-3728855/ (explains step by step the entire episode.)
5. The US Elections 2016:
- http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/0/us-election-polls-and-odds-tracker-latest-results-forecast/ (Describes in detail the entire process of election and the current standing of Clinton and Trump)
6. Suicide over OROP:
- Ex-serviceman Ram Kishan Grewal, who allegedly committed suicide over OROP, was one of the recipients of benefits under the revised pension scheme, Defence Ministry sources said today as his death sent political temperature soaring in the national capital.
- However, Ministry sources said Grewal had received a lesser amount as part of the One Rank-One Pension scheme under the 6th pay commission due to an error in calculation by the SBI bank branch in Bhiwani district of Haryana, a matter which was being looked into.
- His death – over the One Rank One Pension scheme (OROP) – has inflamed political gamesmanship over an issue central to soldiers- what they’re due when they retire.
- This quickly turned into a political event when Rahul Gandhi showed interest into the matter.
7. Continuation of the Lodha Committee and BCCI conflict:
- The Lodha Committee – comprising former Chief Justice of India RM Lodha and retired Supreme Court judges Ashok Bhan and R Raveendran – was formed in January 2015 to determine appropriate punishments for some of the officials involved in the 2013 IPL corruption scandal, and also to propose changes to streamline the BCCI, reform its functioning, prevent sporting fraud and conflict of interest.
- BCCI president Anurag Thakur has submitted a report to the Lodha Committee on Saturday, saying the board’s members have rejected adopting in total the new memorandum of association and rules. Thakur informed the committee that the 30 members opted to instead vote separately for or against each of the committee’s recommendations, which were approved by the Supreme Court of India on July 18 this year.
8. GST Tax Rate:
- Economists and tax theorists may have problems with the multiple tab slabs of 5, 12, 18 and 28 per cent — not to speak of the zero-rate/exempt items or a separate cess to be imposed on tobacco, aerated soft drinks, luxury cars and pan masala.
9. One day ban on NDTV:
- This is a very significant event as any restriction on the freedom of the press is seen as a direct infringement on the fundamental right to speech and Expression under article 19.
- Amid widespread condemnation over the one-day ban imposed on NDTV India, the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (I&B) on Monday decided to put on hold its order against the prominent Hindi channel, according to news agency PTI.
- This is the first ever such order against a TV channel over its coverage of a terror attack, the norms regarding which were notified in 2015. The Editors’ Guild has condemned the ban and demanded that the decision be withdrawn immediately, saying it was reminiscent of the emergency period.
- inter-ministerial panel concluded that the channel had revealed crucial and “strategically sensitive” information when the terror attack on Pathankot IAF base was being carried out. The channel has moved the Supreme Court in this regard.
10. Extradition of 57 fugitives from the UK:
- Britain also handed over to India a list of 17 people whom it seeks custody under the Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty
- India on Monday asked Britain to handover 57 wanted people, including beleaguered businessman Vijay Mallya and Chirstian Michel, the alleged middleman in the Rs 3,600 crore AgustaWestland helicopter deal, so that they can be brought to justice for committing various offences in the country.
- Among the people India seeks extradition include Chirstian Michel, the alleged middleman in the Rs 3,600 crore AgustaWestland helicopter deal.
11. 83 light combat aircraft to be acquired at a cost of Rs 50,025 cr: Defence Acquisition Council sources
- The proposals which have been cleared today are of the procurement of close to 100 indigenised fighter jets, helicopters, about 600 mini-Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and more than 400 tanks. Altogether worth more than Rs 82,000 crore.
12. Probably the most important announcement that Modi has made after his being elected is the demonetisation of the 500 and 1000 rupees notes :
- Similar measures have been taken in the past. In January 1946, currency notes of 1000 and 10,000 rupees were withdrawn and new notes of 1000, 5000 and 10,000 rupees were introduced in 1954. The Janata Party coalition government had again demonetised notes of 1000, 5000 and 10,000 rupees on 16 January 1978 as a means to curb forgery and black money.
- The new notes of 500 and 2000 which have been introduced instead have the images of the RED FORT and MANGALYAN on them.
13. Pollution in Delhi is being recognised as a major issue by the judiciary and the government
- The Supreme Court on Thursday asked the government and the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) whether they intend to just sit back and watch people gasp for breath and finally die in a polluted National Capital.
- Termed “Public emergency”
14. Indo- Japanese deals:
- Japan, India sign agreement on civil nuclear power
15. Narinder Batra elected president of International Hockey Federation:
- Narinder Batra on Saturday became the first Indian to be elected the president of the International Hockey Federation after he was voted to the top post by an overwhelming margin during the penultimate day of the 45th FIH Congress.
- Batra, who is the president of Hockey India, defeated David Balbirnie of Ireland and Australia’s Ken Read to become the 12th FIH president — the first Asian to grab the post.
16. Theresa May’s visit to India:
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his British counterpart Theresa May on Monday pledged to extend cooperation in trade and green energy.
- Science, technology and innovation have a significant role in India’s bilateral engagement with the U.K. “To boost entrepreneurship, science and technology is very important. Science, technology and innovation has a very significant role in our relationship,” he said.
17. Conference of the Parties 22 (CoP 22)
- The United Nations conference on climate change now under way in Marrakech, Morocco, has the ambitious task of drawing up the first steps on enhanced finance and technology transfer, which is vital to advance the Paris Agreement that entered into force on November 4. India’s negotiating positions at the ongoing Conference of the Parties 22 (CoP 22) must ensure that on both these aspects, the basic principle of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities laid down by the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change are upheld. Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions is central to the effort to contain the rise of the global average temperature in the current century to well below 2° Celsius since pre-industrial levels.
18. Union Budget to be presented on 1st February
- The Prime Minister mentioned that the Union budget presentation is being advanced by about a month to ensure the speedier implementation of projects and schemes.
19. Steps taken against Zakir Naik
- THE NATIONAL Investigation Agency (NIA) Monday blocked the website of the banned Islamic Research Foundation (IRF), the NGO founded by controversial Islamic preacher Zakir Naik who is being investigated under provisions of the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA).
- His websites have been blocked as well.
- Investigations have started after links were drawn between terrorist groups and him
20. The Winter Session of the Parliament commenced.
- Opposition parties put forward a united front in Parliament on Monday as they escalated attacks on the government over the demonetisation issue. Both Houses had to be adjourned multiple times through the day only to be reconvened for a brief couple of minutes before pandemonium ensued again.
- Demonetisation being the issue of the hour, detailed discussions with time are listed out in the above websites
21. Prithvi II launched
- India on Monday successfully test-fired its indigenously developed nuclear capable Prithvi-II missile twice in quick succession as part of a user trial by the army from a test range at Chandipur in Odisha. The two surface-to-surface missiles which have a strike range of 350 km and are capable of carrying 500 kg to 1,000 kg of warheads were successfully test-fired in quick succession from mobile launcher from launch complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at around 9.35 AM, defence sources said.
- Prithvi-II is the first missile to be developed by the DRDO under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme
- Prithvi II is a series of short range ballistic missiles launched to combat opponents in war-like situations.
- The first test fire of this missile was carried out in 1996 and its development stage was completed in the year 2004.
- It was inducted into Indian armed forces in 2003 by the Strategic Forces Command (SFC)
- Prithvi-II missile has a strike range of 350 km
- It is capable of carrying 500-1000 kg of warheads
- Prithvi-II is thrusted by liquid propulsion twin engines. It is 9 metres tall.
- It uses advanced inertial guidance system with manoeuvring trajectory to hit its target. Its route was tracked by the DRDO radars, electro-optical tracking systems and telemetry stations
- Launch activities are carried out by the specially formed strategic force command (SFC) and monitored by the scientists of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
- In a similar trial, India test fired Prithvi II as a part of a users trial in May.
22. Train derailed in Kanpur
- Fourteen bogies of the Patna-bound Indore-Rajendranagar Express went off the tracks near Kanpur Dehat in the early hours of Sunday, in one of the worst railway accidents in recent years.
- “Unknown Railway personnel” were booked under Sections 337 and 378 (causing hurt/causing grievous hurt by act endangering life or personal safety), and 304 (culpable homicide not amounting to murder) of the Indian Penal Code for the derailment.
- Sections 151 (damage to or destruction of certain railway properties) and 154 of Railways Act (endangering safety of persons travelling by railway by rash or negligent act or omission) were also invoked
23. INS Chennai
- With the Indian Navy’s plans to become a force to be reckoned with by having about 200 warships, 600 aircrafts and helicopters by 2027, Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar on Monday commissioned the indigenously-designed and built Kolkata-class third guided missile destroyer ‘INS Chennai’ in Mumbai.
- http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/defence/all-about-indias-home-made-destroyer-ins-chennai/articleshow/55561444.cms discusses the various features of the warship
- Built at the Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Ltd in Mumbai
24. Rajya Sabha protests over PM’s absence:
- The Parliament opened on Monday but little progress was made as protests on the streets by the Opposition rocked the House proceedings with frequent disruptions.
- Both the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha ran into chaos over demands of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s presence in the House by the opposition parties to debate the government’s move scrapping Rs 500 and Rs 1000 notes .
- While several Left and Opposition leaders took to streets to observe ‘Pratibad Divas’ and the ‘Jan Aakrosh Diwas’, the Opposition parties rallied inside the Houses too, causing adjournments for the day before 3pm.
- With the Congress, CPI(M) and TMC leading the attacks on the BJP-led government, it’s so far a fruitless stormy winter session of the Parliament.
25. Pay 50 per cent tax on unaccounted deposits, or 85 per cent if caught: Government.
- The amendment bill, introduced by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley, proposes 30 per cent tax on undisclosed income plus 10 per cent penalty beside a 33 per cent surcharge.
- Additionally, a 10 per cent penalty will be levied on the undisclosed income and surcharge called PMGK Cess at the rate of 33 per cent of tax (33 per cent of 30 per cent).
- The Taxation Laws (Second Amendment) Bill, 2016 proposes to amend Section 115BBE of the Income Tax Act to provide for a punitive tax, surcharge and penalty on unexplained credit, investment, cash and other assets.
- Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana, besides 50 per cent tax, surcharge and penalty, a quarter of the declared income will be to be deposited in interest free deposit scheme for four years.
- The disclosures in PMGKY scheme will ensure that no questions will be asked about the source of fund. It would ensure immunity from wealth tax, civil laws and other taxation laws. But there is no immunity from FEMA, PMLA, Narcotics, and black money act
26. Nikki Haley chosen as the UN Ambassador from USA
- The daughter of immigrants from India, Haley served three terms in South Carolina’s State House before winning the governorship in 2010 and again in 2014.
- Haley would succeed Samantha Power, who has served as President Barack Obama’s U.N. ambassador since 2013.
27. Nepal bans new currency notes
- Nepal Rastra Bank (NRB) on Thursday banned the use of India’s new notes of Rs. 500 and Rs. 2,000, terming them “unauthorised and illegal”.
- Poudel said these notes would be legal in Nepal only when India issued a notification as per the Foreign Exchange Management Act.
- The Reserve Bank of India had formed a task force to ease currency exchange facility in Nepal for non-Indians who possess the now-defunct notes of 500 and 1,000 denominations.
28. Fidel Castro, Cuba’s revolutionary leader, dies aged 90
- The comandante overthrew Batista, established a communist state and survived countless American assassination attempts
- Cuba has declared nine days of national mourning to mark the death ofFidel Castro, whose demise at the age of 90 has prompted emotional scenes in Havana and Miami, tributes and reflections from world leaders, and ushered the island into an uncertain era.
- Castro came to power in 1959 and ushered in a Communist revolution. Supporters say he returned Cuba to the people, and praise him for some of his social programs, such as public health and education. But critics call him a dictator, who led a government that did not tolerate opposition and dissent, accused of numerous alleged human rights abuses.
29. Constitution Day 26th November
- Observing Constitution Day on Saturday, Attorney General Mukul Rohatgi said that everybody, including the judiciary, must recognise and respect that there is a certain boundary that ought not to be crossed and should be ready for introspection. “All including judiciary must recognise there is ‘lakshman rekha’ and be ready for introspection. Self-restraint is important,” he said. Replying to Rohatgi, next in line to be CJI, J S Khehar said that the judiciary has always kept to ‘lakshaman rekha’ by upholding Constitution’s ethos.
- Speaking on Dr B R Ambedkar, Rohatgi said that Ambedkar had argued for two cases in the Supreme court but had lost both. The first case was for the landlords against landless farmers of Bihar and the second was for an accused in a corruption case. “Ambedkar argued for two cases in Supreme Court-first for landlords against landless Bihar farmers and second for corruption accused. He lost both,” said Rohatgi.
- Earlier on Saturday, Chief Justice of India TS Thakur said that Centre’s has been indifferent from the very issue of filling vacancies to providing adequate infrastructure. Pointing that there are 500 judges’ posts lying vacant in High Courts, Thakur said that courtrooms are lying vacant without judges. He further said that in principle, the judiciary was not against the formation of Tribunals because it would relieve court duties, but the problem arose from the lack of adequate infrastructure provided to the Tribunals.
30. Nico Rosberg from Germany wins the F1 World Champion Title for 2016
- Lewis Hamilton wins the last race of the season in Abu Dhabi.
31. PV Sindhu loses Hong Kong Superseries final to Taiwan Tai Tzu Ying
- PV Sindhu Qualifies For World Super Series Finals, Saina Nehwal Misses Out.
32. Nabha Jail Break
- Police in Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh have launched a massive manhunt after a group of around 12 men, disguised as policemen and prisoners, broke into the high-security Nabha jail in Patiala on Sunday morning and freed six inmates, including Khalistan Liberation Force militant Harminder Singh Mintoo
- among the six inmates who escaped was Kashmir Singh, who was arrested for the attack onShiv Sena’s Punjab secretary Harvinder Soni in April last year. The other four were identified as gangsters Vicky Gounder, Gurpreet Sekhon, Amandeep Dhotian and Kulpreet Singh aka Neeta Deol.
33. South Korean President ready to resign before term ends
- SEOUL, South Korea — President Park Geun-hye of South Korea said Tuesday that she was willing to resign before her term ends, in an effort to head off a pending impeachment vote over a devastating corruption scandal.